This brochure provides information about the qualifications and business practices of Vested Finance Inc. ("Vested"). If you have any questions about the contents of this brochure, contact us at (408) 775- 5049. The information in this brochure has not been approved or verified by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") or by any state securities authority.
Additional information about Vested Finance Inc. is available on the SEC's website at www.adviserinfo.sec.gov by searching by our firm name or our CRD #299272.
Vested Finance Inc. is a registered investment adviser. Registration with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission or any state securities authority does not imply a certain level of skill or training.
Form ADV Part 2 ("disclosure brochure") requires registered investment advisers to amend their brochure when information becomes materially inaccurate. If there are any material changes to an adviser's disclosure brochure, the adviser is required to notify you and provide you with a description of the material changes.
Since our last filing, dated December 10, 2018, we have no material changes to report.
Item 1 Cover Page
Item 2 Summary of Material Changes
Item 3 Table of Contents
Item 4 Advisory Business
Item 5 Fees and Compensation
Item 6 Performance-Based Fees and Side-By-Side Management
Item 7 Types of Clients
Item 8 Methods of Analysis, Investment Strategies and Risk of Loss
Item 9 Disciplinary Information
Item 10 Other Financial Industry Activities and Affiliations
Item 11 Code of Ethics, Participation or Interest in Client Transactions and Personal Trading
Item 12 Brokerage Practices
Item 13 Review of Accounts
Item 14 Client Referrals and Other Compensation
Item 15 Custody
Item 16 Investment Discretion
Item 17 Voting Client Securities
Item 18 Financial Information
Item 19 Requirements for State-Registered Advisers
Item 20 Additional Information
Description of Firm
Vested Finance Inc., doing business as "Vested", is a registered investment adviser based in Berkeley, California. We are organized as a corporation under the laws of the State of Delaware. We have been providing investment advisory services since November 2018. We are primarily owned by Viram Shah, Darwin Arifin, and Eric Huynh.
Vested is a financial technology company focused on creating a platform for foreign investors to invest in US equities. Our mission is to help investors grow their wealth by providing access to diverse investment options.
The following paragraphs describe our services and fees. Refer to the description of each investment advisory service listed below for information on how we tailor our advisory services to your individual needs. As used in this brochure, the words "we," "our," and "us" refer to Vested Finance Inc. and the words "you," "your," and "client" refer to you as either a client or prospective client of our firm.
In providing investment advisory services, we do not accept client restrictions on the specific securities or the types of securities that may be held in your account.
Web-Based Investment Advisory Services
We offer non-discretionary investment advisory services that are delivered through an automated and interactive web-based investment management system.The investment advice rendered under is tailored to meet with your individual investment needs and objectives and is delivered exclusively based upon information you submit via a web-based investment questionnaire. Your responses to the electronic investment questionnaire are used by the web-based system to provide the appropriate recommendations based on your risk profile. After submission of the online investment questionnaire, the web-based system will provide automated recommendations to you. It is then your responsibility to act on any such advice. Once you pick your particular investment option, the program will automatically process the transaction. In providing investment advisory services through the system, all information will be provided through the web-based portal. Our firm does not verify any information we receive from you or your agent(s) for accuracy, and we will rely on the information you provide. It is your responsibility to promptly update your account application through the web-based portal if there are ever any changes in your financial situation or investment objectives.
We will periodically monitor your investments, and based on different client risk profiles, we may recommend changes (if appropriate) through the web-based system based on your particular risk profile.
Types of Investments
We primarily offer advice on exchange-traded funds ("ETFs") and exchange-listed securities. Refer to the Methods of Analysis, Investment Strategies and Risk of Loss below for additional disclosures on this topic.
Assets Under Management
We do not manage assets on a continuous basis; therefore, we do not have any discretionary or non-discretionary assets under management.
Web-Based Investment Advisory Services
Our fee for web-based investment advisory services is charged either on a fixed fee basis or asset- based fee basis. For account values under $3,000, we charge a single user fee ("access fee") of $3/per month. For account values greater than $3,000, the last trading day of the month. Fees are due and payable as of the last trading day of each we charg e 0.067% of y our account value as of month. Clients may elect to engage us for three (3), six (6) or twelve(12)-months. The access fee is payable in advance and is not negotiable. The terms and conditions of this program shall be set forth in a written investment advisory agreement executed by the client and our firm.
Clients have two options for paying advisory fees: 1) via a credit or debit card, or 2) via a deduction from their account through a qualified custodian. In either case, If paying by credit or debit card, the client will facilitate the payment each time. With respect to clients who elect the fee deduction method, we will deduct our advisory fee only when you have given our firm written authorization permitting the fees to be paid directly from your account. Further, the qualified custodian will deliver an account statement to you at least quarterly. These account statements will show all disbursements from your account. You should review all statements for accuracy.
Our agreement for services will continue in effect until terminated by either party. You may terminate the investment advisory agreement upon written notice to our firm. In the event the investment advisory agreement is terminated, any fees that have not been paid in advance and are due and not paid will be deducted from the applicable account of the client, or if insufficient funds are available in the user account, the client will be billed immediately with payment due at time of receipt.
Additional Fees and Expenses
As part of our investment advisory services to you, we may invest, or recommend that you invest, in exchange traded funds. The fees that you pay to our firm for investment advisory services are separate and distinct from the fees and expenses charged by exchange traded funds (described in each fund's prospectus) to their shareholders. These fees will generally include a management fee and other fund expenses. You will also incur transaction charges and/or brokerage fees when purchasing or selling securities. These charges and fees are typically imposed by the broker-dealer or custodian through whom your account transactions are executed. Additionally, there may be one-off charges and fees imposed by the broker-dealer for certain actions such as international wire transfer or tax filings. We do not share in any portion of the brokerage fees/transaction charges imposed by the broker-dealer or custodian. To fully understand the total cost you will incur, you should review all the fees charged by mutual funds, exchange traded funds, our firm, and others. For information on our brokerage practices, refer to the Brokerage Practices section of this brochure.
We do not accept performance-based fees or participate in side-by-side management. Performance- based fees are fees that are based on a share of a capital gains or capital appreciation of a client's account. Side-by-side management refers to the practice of managing accounts that are charged performance-based fees while at the same time managing accounts that are not charged performance- based fees. Our fees are calculated as described in the Fees and Compensation section above, and are not charged on the basis of a share of capital gains upon, or capital appreciation of, the funds in your advisory account.
We offer investment advisory services to individuals who are citizens or residents of India. We do not require a minimum dollar amount to open and maintain an advisory account.
Our Methods of Analysis and Investment Strategies
We may use one or more of the following methods of analysis or investment strategies when providing investment advice to you:
Fundamental Analysis - involves analyzing individual companies and their industry groups, such as a company's financial statements, details regarding the company's product line, the experience and expertise of the company's management, and the outlook for the company and its industry. The resulting data is used to measure the true value of the company's stock compared to the current market value.
Risk: The risk of fundamental analysis is that information obtained may be incorrect and the analysis may not provide an accurate estimate of earnings, which may be the basis for a stock's value. If securities prices adjust rapidly to new information, utilizing fundamental analysis may not result in favorable performance.
Modern Portfolio Theory - a theory of investment which attempts to maximize portfolio expected return for a given amount of portfolio risk, or equivalently minimize risk for a given level of expected return, by carefully diversifying the proportions of various assets.
Risk: Market risk is that part of a security's risk that is common to all securities of the same general class (stocks and bonds) and thus cannot be eliminated by diversification.
Long-Term Purchases - securities purchased with the expectation that the value of those securities will grow over a relatively long period of time, generally greater than one year.
Risk: Using a long-term purchase strategy generally assumes the financial markets will go up in the long-term which may not be the case. There is also the risk that the segment of the market that you are invested in or perhaps just your particular investment will go down over time even if the overall financial markets advance. Purchasing investments long-term may create an opportunity cost - "locking-up" assets that may be better utilized in the short-term in other investments.
Our investment strategies and advice may vary depending upon each client's specific financial situation. As such, we determine investments and allocations based upon your predefined objectives, risk tolerance, time horizon, financial information, liquidity needs and other various suitability factors. Your restrictions and guidelines may affect the composition of your portfolio. It is important that you notify us immediately with respect to any material changes to your financial circumstances, including for example, a change in your current or expected income level, tax circumstances, or employment status.
Our strategies and investments may have unique and significant tax implications. However, unless we specifically agree otherwise, and in writing, tax efficiency is not our primary consideration in the management of your assets. Regardless of your account size or any other factors, we strongly recommend that you consult with a tax professional regarding the investing of your assets.
Custodians and broker-dealers must report the cost basis of equities acquired in client accounts. Your custodian will default to the First-In First-Out ("FIFO") accounting method for calculating the cost basis of your investments. You are responsible for contacting your tax advisor to determine if this accounting method is the right choice for you. If your tax advisor believes another accounting method is more advantageous, provide written notice to our firm immediately and we will alert your account custodian of your individually selected accounting method. Decisions about cost basis accounting methods will need to be made before trades settle, as the cost basis method cannot be changed after settlement.
Risk of Loss
Investing in securities involves risk of loss that you should be prepared to bear. We do not represent or guarantee that our services or methods of analysis can or will predict future results, successfully identify market tops or bottoms, or insulate clients from losses due to market corrections or declines. We cannot offer any guarantees or promises that your financial goals and objectives will be met. Past performance is in no way an indication of future performance. ious factors, including but not limited to, Online trading has inherent risk due to system response and access times that may be affected by various factors, including but not limited to, market conditions and system performance.
Other Risk Considerations
When evaluating risk, financial loss may be viewed differently by each client and may depend on many different risks, each of which may affect the probability and magnitude of any potential loses. The following risks may not be all-inclusive, but should be considered carefully by a prospective client before retaining our services.
Liquidity Risk: The risk of being unable to sell your investment at a fair price at a given time due to high volatility or lack of active liquid markets. You may receive a lower price or it may not be possible to sell the investment at all.
Credit Risk: Credit risk typically applies to debt investments such as corporate, municipal, and sovereign fixed income or bonds. A bond issuing entity can experience a credit event that could impair or erase the value of an issuer's securities held by a client.
Inflation and Interest Rate Risk: Security prices and portfolio returns will likely vary in response to changes in inflation and interest rates. Inflation causes the value of future dollars to be worth less and may reduce the purchasing power of a client's future interest payments and principal. Inflation also generally leads to higher interest rates which may cause the value of many types of fixed income investments to decline.
Horizon and Longevity Risk: The risk that your investment horizon is shortened because of an unforeseen event, for example, the loss of your job. This may force you to sell investments that you were expecting to hold for the long term. If you must sell at a time that the markets are down, you may lose money. Longevity Risk is the risk of outliving your savings. This risk is particularly relevant for people who are retired, or are nearing retirement.
Recommendation of Particular Types of Securities
We primarily recommend ETFs and exchange-listed securities. Each type of security has its own unique set of risks associated with it and it would not be possible to list here all of the specific risks of every type of investment. Even within the same type of investment, risks can vary widely. However, in very general terms, the higher the anticipated return of an investment, the higher the risk of loss associated with the investment.
Stocks: There are numerous ways of measuring the risk of equity securities (also known simply as "equities" or "stock"). In very broad terms, the value of a stock depends on the financial health of the company issuing it. However, stock prices can be affected by many other factors including, but not limited to the class of stock (for example, preferred or common); the health of the market sector of the issuing company; and, the overall health of the economy. In general, larger, better established companies ("large cap") tend to be safer than smaller start-up companies ("small cap") are but the mere size of an issuer is not, by itself, an indicator of the safety of the investment.
Exchange Traded Funds: Exchange-traded funds ("ETF") are professionally managed collective investment systems that pool money from many investors and invest in stocks, bonds, short-term money market instruments, other mutual funds, other securities, or any combination thereof. The fund will have a manager that trades the fund's investments in accordance with the fund's investment objective. While ETFs generally provide diversification, risks can be significantly increased if the fund is concentrated in a particular sector of the market, primarily invests in small cap or speculative companies, uses leverage (i.e., borrows money) to a significant degree, or concentrates in a particular type of security (i.e., equities) rather than balancing the fund with different types of securities. ETFs differ from mutual funds since they can be bought and sold throughout the day like stock and their price can fluctuate throughout the day. The returns on ETFs can be reduced by the costs to manage the funds. ETFs may have tracking error risks. For example, the ETF investment adviser may not be able to cause the ETF's performance to match that of the its Underlying Index or other benchmark, which may negatively affect the ETF's performance. In addition, for leveraged and inverse ETFs that seek to track the performance of their Underlying Indices or benchmarks on a daily basis, mathematical compounding may prevent the ETF from correlating with performance of its benchmark. In addition, an ETF may not have investment exposure to all of the securities included in its Underlying Index, or its weighting of investment exposure to such securities may vary from that of the Underlying Index. Some ETFs may invest in securities or financial instruments that are not included in the Underlying Index, but which are expected to yield similar performance.
We are required to disclose the facts of any legal or disciplinary events that are material to a client's evaluation of our advisory business or the integrity of our management. We do not have any required disclosures under this item.
We have not provided information on other financial industry activities and affiliations because we do not have any relationship or arrangement that is material to our advisory business or to our clients with any of the types of entities listed below.
Description of Our Code of Ethics
We strive to comply with applicable laws and regulations governing our practices. Therefore, our Code of Ethics includes guidelines for professional standards of conduct for persons associated with our firm. Our goal is to protect your interests at all times and to demonstrate our commitment to our fiduciary duties of honesty, good faith, and fair dealing with you. All persons associated with our firm are expected to adhere strictly to these guidelines. Persons associated with our firm are also required to report any violations of our Code of Ethics. Additionally, we maintain and enforce written policies reasonably designed to prevent the misuse or dissemination of material, non-public information about you or your account holdings by persons associated with our firm.
Clients or prospective clients may obtain a copy of our Code of Ethics by contacting us at the telephone number on the cover page of this brochure.
Participation or Interest in Client Transactions
Neither our firm nor any persons associated with our firm has any material financial interest in client transactions beyond the provision of investment advisory services as disclosed in this brochure.
Personal Trading Practices
Our firm or persons associated with our firm may buy or sell the same securities that we recommend to you or securities in which you are already invested. A conflict of interest exists in such cases because we have the ability to trade ahead of you and potentially receive more favorable prices than you will receive. To mitigate this conflict of interest, it is our policy that neither our firm nor persons associated with our firm shall have priority over your account in the purchase or sale of securities.
We do not maintain custody of your assets, although we may be deemed to have custody of your assets if you give us authority to withdraw advisory fees from your account (see Item 15—Custody, below). Your assets must be maintained in an account at a "qualified custodian," generally a broker- dealer or bank. We require that our clients use DriveWealth, LLC ("DriveWealth"), a full-carrying and clearing registered broker-dealer, member FINRA/SIPC. DriveWealth is an indirect and wholly owned subsidiary of DriveWealth Holdings, Inc.. We are independently owned and operated and are not affiliated with DriveWealth. DriveWealth will hold your assets in a brokerage account and buy and sell securities when we you instruct them to. While we recommend that you use DriveWealth as custodian/broker, you will decide whether to do so and will open your account with DriveWealth by entering into an account agreement directly with them. We do not open the account for you, although we may assist you in doing so. DriveWealth will provide clearing, execution, and brokerage-related services.
We believe that DriveWealth provides quality execution services for our clients at competitive prices. Price is not the sole factor we consider in evaluating best execution. We also consider the quality of the brokerage services provided by recommended broker-dealers, including the value of the firm's reputation, execution capabilities, commission rates, responsiveness to our clients and our firm, and access to its Fractional Share Program (as described below). In recognition of the value of the services recommended broker-dealers provide, you may pay higher commissions and/or trading costs than those that may be available elsewhere.
In partnership with DriveWealth, we offer a fractional share program which allows you to purchase securities in dollar amounts rather than share quantities. Investing in fractional shares has unique risks and limitations that you should understand prior to participation in DriveWealth's Fractional Share Program.
Rounding. The amount of fractional shares you can purchase and own in your account is rounded down to the nearest four decimal places. This may affect your purchase of a fixed dollar amount order. For example, if you order $100 of a security, your transaction may not total exactly $100 due to rounding (it could be a penny less, but would never be more than the order amount, prior to commission charges). Rounding may also affect your ability to be credited for cash dividends, stock dividends and stock splits. For example, if you own .0001 of a share of stock that pays a one cent dividend per share, we will not credit your cash balance a fraction of a cent.
No Limit Orders. Only market orders for fractional shares will be accepted at this time.
Trade Capacity and Execution. DriveWealth executes the full share portion of customer orders on an agency basis, routing them to market centers. To satisfy your fractional share portion of order, DriveWealth will sell to you from DriveWealth's account, on a principal basis, at the National Best Bid or Offer ("NBBO") as of the time of your order. Thus any order that is for both full and fractional shares will be executed in a mixed capacity: part as agent, part as principal. The compensation will be the same rate charged full share orders. DriveWealth may make a profit or incur a loss on the fractional share trade. DriveWealth may execute your fractional share orders on a principal or riskless principal basis. In the event DriveWealth is acting as principal, they will trade with you at the then current NBBO. If Drivewealth acts as the riskless principal, they will trade with you at the price they received in the market. Your confirmation will disclose how DriveWealth acted. If you enter an order solely for a fractional share, DriveWealth will execute your trade against its proprietary account at the then current NBBO. Orders entered outside of regular trading hours cannot be executed.
Transfer of Fractional Shares. Fractional shares are not transferrable. If you close your account or transfer your account to another firm, the fractional share will need to be liquidated, resulting in potential commission charges. Fractional shares cannot be put into certificate form and mailed. They will need to be sold. The commission charge for liquidation may match the value of the fractional share if less than our minimum commission.
Voting Rights. Holders of fractional shares will not have voting rights for the fraction of a share owned, even if more than .50 shares are long in your account.
Research and Other Soft Dollar Benefits
We do not have any soft dollar arrangements.
Brokerage for Client Referrals
We do not receive client referrals from broker-dealers in exchange for cash or other compensation, such as brokerage services or research.
We routinely require that you direct our firm to execute transactions through DriveWealth. As such, we may be unable to achieve the most favorable execution of your transactions and you may pay higher brokerage commissions than you might otherwise pay through another broker-dealer that offers the same types of services. Not all advisers require their clients to direct brokerage.
We do not combine multiple orders for shares of the same securities purchased for advisory accounts we manage (the practice of combining multiple orders for shares of the same securities is commonly referred to as "block trading"). Accordingly, you may pay different prices for the same securities transactions than other clients pay. Furthermore, we may not be able to buy and sell the same quantities of securities for you and you may pay higher commissions, fees, and/or transaction costs than other clients.
We will not provide you with regular written reports. We post your monthly account statements, trade confirmations, tax forms and other notices in the Reports section of your online Account.
We will periodically monitor your investments, and based on different client risk profiles, we may recommend changes (if appropriate) though the web-based system based on your particular risk profile.
We do not receive any compensation from any third party in connection with providing investment advice to you.
Refer to the Brokerage Practices section above for disclosures on research and other benefits we may receive resulting from our relationship with your account custodian.
We directly compensate non-employee (outside) consultants, individuals, and/or entities (Solicitors) for client referrals. In order to receive a cash referral fee from our firm, Solicitors must comply with the requirements of the jurisdictions in which they operate. If you were referred to our firm by a Solicitor, you should have received a copy of this brochure along with the Solicitor's disclosure statement at the time of the referral. If you become a client, the Solicitor that referred you to our firm will receive a percentage of the advisory fee you pay our firm for as long as you are a client with our firm, or until such time as our agreement with the Solicitor expires. You will not pay additional fees because of this referral arrangement. Referral fees paid to a Solicitor are contingent upon your entering into an advisory agreement with our firm. Therefore, a Solicitor has a financial incentive to recommend our firm to you for advisory services. This creates a conflict of interest; however, you are not obligated to retain our firm for advisory services. Comparable services and/or lower fees may be available through other firms.
Solicitors that refer business to more than one investment adviser may have a financial incentive to recommend advisers with more favorable compensation arrangements. We request that our Solicitors disclose to you whether multiple referral relationships exist and that comparable services may be available from other advisers for lower fees and/or where the Solicitor's compensation is less favorable.
If we directly debit our fees from your account, your independent custodian will directly debit your account(s) for the payment of our advisory fees as paying agent for our firm. This ability to deduct our advisory fees from your accounts causes our firm to exercise limited custody over your funds or securities. We do not have physical custody of any of your funds and/or securities. Your funds and securities will be held with a bank, broker-dealer, or other qualified custodian. You will receive account statements from the qualified custodian(s) holding your funds and securities at least quarterly. The account statements from your custodian(s) will indicate the amount of our advisory fees deducted from your account(s) each billing period. You should carefully review account statements for accuracy.
Form ADV Part 2A requires registered investment advisers to disclose whether or not they accept discretionary authority to manage client accounts. We do not provide discretionary management services.
We will not vote proxies on behalf of your advisory accounts. At your request, we may offer you advice regarding corporate actions and the exercise of your proxy voting rights. If you own shares of applicable securities, you are responsible for exercising your right to vote as a shareholder.
In most cases, you will receive proxy materials directly from the account custodian. However, in the event we were to receive any written or electronic proxy materials, we would forward them directly to you by electronic mail, in which case, we would forward any electronic solicitations to vote proxies.
Our firm does not have any financial condition or impairment that would prevent us from meeting our contractual commitments to you. We do not take physical custody of client funds or securities, or serve as trustee or signatory for client accounts, and, we do not require the prepayment of more than $1,200 in fees six or more months in advance. Therefore, we are not required to include a financial statement with this brochure.
We have not filed a bankruptcy petition at any time in the past ten years.
We are a federally registered investment adviser; therefore, we are not required to respond to this item.
The client will direct and be responsible for the direction of investments through the web-based system. Trade confirmations and account statements provided to you by DriveWealth shall be binding if you do not object, in writing, within three (3) calendar days in the case of trade confirmations, and ten (10) days in the case of account statements, after transmittal to you by electronic delivery or otherwise. In the event a trading error occurs in your account, you will need to notify our firm to restore your account to the position it should have been in had the trading error not occurred. Depending on the circumstances, corrective actions may include canceling the trade, adjusting an allocation, and/or reimbursing the account.
Class Action Lawsuits
We do not determine if securities held by you are the subject of a class action lawsuit or whether you are eligible to participate in class action settlements or litigation nor do we initiate or participate in litigation to recover damages on your behalf for injuries as a result of actions, misconduct, or negligence by issuers of securities held by you.